A LETTER has been signed in recent days by 16 parties belonging to the most conservative wing of the European Parliament.
The declaration has different meanings and represents the clear attempt to make a political line prevail over what has been the attitude of the parliament up to now, substantially directed by the socialist and liberal forces.
The letter aims in the first place to make prevail an idea of a confederate Europe, which takes into account the needs and identities of sovereign states.
The assumption from which the declaration starts concerns European cooperation, which in the opinion of the signatories is “wavering”.
This is why a “profound reform” is needed, since the EU is “increasingly becoming an instrument of radical forces that would like to implement a cultural and religious transformation.
“On the contrary, in the sovereign vision the EU should be based” on traditions, respect for the culture and history of European states, the Judeo-Christian heritage” and on the values of “family and unity of nations.”
Many accuse the parties who signed this document of being anti-European and dangerous sovereignists, also because among the signatories there is Orban, who has long been squeezed with the European institutions for accusations against his policy, considered illiberal and disrespectful of civil liberties.
But by analyzing the document carefully, the impression is that the so-called sovereignists have instead signed a document aimed at reforming a European Union, which has for some time been showing some indisputable cracks and inconsistencies.
This document, in fact, represents a common attempt to shift the balance of a European parliament that resists the substantial weakness of its largest group, that of the EPP, which has been in crisis for some time.
Founded in 1976 by the Christian Democratic parties, inspired by the action of the statesmen and founding fathers of Europe Alcide De Gasperi, Konrad Adenauer and Robert Schumann, it subsequently saw the adhesion of subjects belonging to the conservative Liberal area.
It brings together 73 parties, the largest of which are the French Republicans, the German CDU, Forza Italia and the Spanish PP. For some years now, the great European center-right party seems to have fallen into a crisis of profound identity, a mirror of the crisis that the main adhering parties in their respective countries have to face.
For too long, in fact, the CDU has been frantically searching for a very difficult credible alternative to the leadership of Angela Merkel, the party de les Republicans in France, successor of the Old UMP, seems to follow the slow political agony of its founder Nicolas Sarkozy, now it is considered the fourth largest force in the country after En Marche, the Socialists and the Front National.
In Spain Pablo Casado, leader of the PP, fails to affect his role as leader of the opposition to the fragile coalition government of Sanchez, and even when he wins, as in Madrid, the credit goes to the strong candidate, Ayuso in particular, more that to the party, overwhelmed over the years by scandals and corruption that have put the Rajoy government in crisis and have left the field open to the socialists of Sanchez.
In Italy, Silvio Berlusconi’s large moderate center party that led center-right politics for over twenty years now seems destined for irreversible decline.
The main problem that grips the center right throughout Europe seems to be that of not being able to represent a valid moderate alternative to the exponential growth of populist parties, which instead demonstrate greater ability to ride strong themes such as those of security, immigration and social degradation of large sections of the population.
All this therefore inevitably has heavy repercussions also on the great European People’s Party, which without a real leader in the field, and despite its massive representation, is often forced to support the socialist political line that intelligently leverages the contrast of the populist sovereign forces and their anti-Europeans, very numerous in the European Parliament, to put the popular people in check.
The conservatives with this move are only trying to shift the balance, by joining their forces, to lead a new course of centre-right politics in Europe.
Vincenzo Caccioppoli is a Rome-based journalist focusing on international politics. He is the editor of the Farefuturo foundation in international politics.
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